This site didnÂ´t recognize my last name, but here is what my last name means:
In Iceland we donÂ´t have family names like in most other countries. Our last name is based on *who* we are, like an extra description of us, a bit further than our first name.
What each last name means, is whoÂ´s daughter or whoÂ´s son we are. Like my fathers name is JÃ³n (John), so my last name is JÃ³nsdÃ³tttir (the daughter of John). That way members of a certain family can have 4 different last names, for examples the husbands fatherÂ´s name is Gunnar, so his last name is Gunnarsson. The wifes fatherÂ´s name is Hersteinn, so her last name is HersteinsdÃ³ttir. If they have a daughter and a son, their last names, if the husbands name would be.....KristjÃ¡n: KristjÃ¡nsdÃ³ttir and KristjÃ¡nsson.
Usually the name of the father is in the last name, sometimes (much less frequently) the name of the mother and sometimes (very rarely) the names of both parents. People can choose themselves if they link to their mother or father.
We donÂ´t change names when we get married, since we are still the daughters of our father, married or not.
If we are giving our name, people dont ask "whats your last name?", but "whoÂ´s daughter are you?"
We use our first name in all public things, like we talk to the president by his first name and so on.
People are listed in the phonebook by first name.
OK, I guess that is enough lecture for *Last names in Iceland 101*