Cindy is correct MA on the interpretation of hemoAc1. Mike's is high, the normal range should be 4.3-6.1, but all labs differ slightly...even if you live in a high altitude area,it can vary. Your probably not surprised that Mike did not have his diabetes under control for quite a long time, so this reflects that. But take into account things that were not in his control, infection, stress, and trauma can also increase these values. This is a wake up call for Mike, as I'm sure you already know. When he is physically able, and after some kind and loving nagging from you he really should enroll in a class on diabetes management...most hospitals offer them free of charge. There are now better ways to test blood sugars, machines that don't even pierce your skin (something laser I believe) and machines where you don't have to use your fingers for the needle stick, which really do hurt. In my experience men esp fear lack of control in sick situations...maybe you have to drum into his head (I know you have already...I've heard the drums even in Brooklyn!) That by managing his blood pressure he can be in control of this disease, not the other way around. You have a tough job ahead of you MA...most diabetics can try the patience of Job....GOOD LUCK!