Works great in theory but fails in general. Fail is too strong a word. But rather does not work any better.
Study: Teen abstinence no help to later STD rates
Incidence same for those who pledge no sex, those who don't
Tuesday, March 9, 2004 Posted: 11:05 AM EST (1605 GMT)
PHILADELPHIA, Pennsylvania (AP) -- Teens who pledge to remain virgins until marriage have the same rates of sexually transmitted diseases as those who don't pledge abstinence, according to a study that examined the sex lives of 12,000 adolescents.
Those who make a public pledge to abstain until marriage delay sex, have fewer sex partners and get married earlier, according to the data, gathered from adolescents ages 12 to 18 who were questioned again six years later. But the two groups' STD rates were statistically similar.
The problem, the study found, is that those virginity "pledgers" are much less likely to use condoms.
"It's difficult to simultaneously prepare for sex and say you're not going to have sex," said Peter Bearman, the chair of Columbia University's Department of Sociology, who co-authored the study with Hannah Bruckner of Yale.
"The message is really simple: 'Just say no' may work in the short term but doesn't work in the long term."
Data from the study, to be presented Tuesday at the National STD Prevention Conference, was taken from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. That study was funded in part by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Once the data from the early findings study have been reviewed by peers, they will be submitted for publication, Bearman said.
Sex education benefit?
Critics of abstinance-only education saw the findings as evidence that adolescents benefit from sex education.
"It's a tragedy if we withhold from these kids information about how not to get STDs or not to get pregnant," said Dorothy Mann, executive director of the Family Planning Council, an organization dedicated to reproductive health services.
The study found that the STD rates for whites who pledged virginity was 2.8 percent compared with 3.5 percent for those who didn't pledge. For blacks, it was 18.1 percent and 20.3 percent. For Asians, 10.5 percent of virginity pledgers had STDs compared with 5.6 percent of non-pledgers. For Hispanics, it was 6.7 percent and 8.6 percent.
Bearman said that from a statistical point of view the numbers were the same. Overall rates combining all races wouldn't be valid, he said.
"The point is, substantively, that if you knew someone who pledged, and you knew someone who didn't pledge, you had no basis for thinking that one of them would have an STD over the other," he said.
The study also found that in communities where at least 20 percent of adolescents pledged the STD rates for everyone combined was 8.9 percent. In communities with less than 7 percent pledgers, the STD rate was 5.5 percent.
"It is the combination of hidden sex and unsafe sex that creates a world where people underestimate the risk of STDs," Bearman said.
The study's other findings:
59 percent of males who did not pledge abstinence used a condom during sex; only 40 percent of male pledgers used a condom.
28 percent of female non-pledgers were tested for STDs in the previous year, compared to 14 percent of female pledgers.
99 percent of non-pledgers and 88 percent of pledgers have sex before marriage.
Religious Argument: Believe in God
Works if you live in a theocracy where the religious authority runs the country.
Also just because the bible states something does not mean that it must be literally be followed. And furthermore each phrase can be open to different interpretation. As this letter which I also posted in another topic shows the fallacy of a literal interpretation.http://www.snopes.com/politics/religion/drlaura.asp
Thank you for doing so much to educate people regarding God's Law. I have learned a great deal from your show, and I try to share that knowledge with as many people as I can. When someone tries to defend the homosexual lifestyle, for example, I simply remind him that Leviticus 18:22 clearly states it to be an abomination. End of debate.
I do need some advice from you, however, regarding some of the specific laws and how to best follow them.
a) When I burn a bull on the altar as a sacrifice, I know it creates a pleasing odor for the Lord (Lev 1:9). The problem is my neighbors. They claim the odor is not pleasing to them. Should I smite them?
b) I would like to sell my daughter into slavery, as sanctioned in Exodus 21:7. In this day and age, what do you think would be a fair price for her?
c) I know that I am allowed no contact with a woman while she is in her period of menstrual uncleanliness (Lev 15:19-24). The problem is, how do I tell? I have tried asking, but most women take offense.
d) Lev. 25:44 states that I may indeed possess slaves, both male and female, provided they are purchased from neighboring nations. A friend of mine claims that this applies to Mexicans, but not Canadians. Can you clarify? Why can't I own Canadians?
e) I have a neighbor who insists on working on the Sabbath. Exodus 35:2 clearly states he should be put to death. Am I morally obligated to kill him myself?
f) A friend of mine feels that even though eating shellfish is an Abomination (Lev 11:10), it is a lesser abomination than homosexuality. I don't agree. Can you settle this?
g) Lev 21:20 states that I may not approach the altar of God if I have a defect in my sight. I have to admit that I wear reading glasses. Does my vision have to be 20/20, or is there some wiggle room here?
h) Most of my male friends get their hair trimmed, including the hair around their temples, even though this is expressly forbidden by Lev 19:27. How should they die?
i) I know from Lev 11:6-8 that touching the skin of a dead pig makes me unclean, but may I still play football if I wear gloves?
j) My uncle has a farm. He violates Lev 19:19 by planting two different crops in the same field, as does his wife by wearing garments made of two different kinds of thread (cotton/polyester blend). He also tends to curse and blaspheme a lot. Is it really necessary that we go to all the trouble of getting the whole town together to stone them? (Lev 24:10-16) Couldn't we just burn them to death at a private family affair like we do with people who sleep with their in-laws? (Lev. 20:14)
I know you have studied these things extensively, so I am confident you can help.
Thank you again for reminding us that God's word is eternal and unchanging.
Your devoted disciple and adoring fan.
Life at Conception
"this country has brainwashed millions of women into believing that an embryo is not a human"
One could easily make the opposite argument that:
"this country has brainwashed millions of women into believing that an embryo is a human"
Without the mother the baby would not survive. Without the baby the mother can still carry on living. Actually, I have no qualms in stating that the fact that life begins at conception does not impact on the right of the mother to choose.
Pro life unless it is life or death situation for mother:
I would believe that based on this argument just because life is created through rape does not mean that it is not life. So according to your argument even in instances such as those below abortion should not be allowed.http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/1184531.stm
When the Bosnian town of Foca, south-east of Sarajevo was overrun by Bosnian Serb forces in April 1992, it was the beginning of a horrific nightmare for its inhabitants.
Local Muslim men and women were rounded up and divided into separate camps, with many of the women being detained in the sports hall, classrooms of the high school or taken to soldiers' own flats.
These were to become rape camps, where women suffered systematic violent and sexual attacks.
Women, including girls as young as 12, were forced into sexual slavery for the occupying soldiers.
They were selected for nightly gang-rapes and sexual torture and women were sometimes assaulted by up to 10 men at a time.
Many of the women have been left with permanent gynaecological damage or have become infertile.
"I remember he was very forceful. He wanted to hurt me," said one of Foca's victims as she gave testimony to the Hague war crimes tribunal.
"I think for the whole of my life, all my life, I will feel the pain that I felt then," said another, who was 15 at the time.
'A closed dark place'
When the Serbs entered the town, around half of Foca's 40,000 inhabitants were Muslims.
After the war, few were left and the town was renamed Srbnje. It remains, said a Human Rights Watch report, a "closed dark place".
Rape was widespread during the Bosnian war and seen as one of the tools of ethnic cleansing.
Tens of thousands of people, mainly Muslim women and girls, are believed to have been sexually attacked during the war which lasted from 1992-1995.
Fear of rape caused Muslim families to flee from the advancing Serbs, while rape also forced Muslim women to have Serbs' babies.