Hand-Rearing Orphan Kittens.
Oprhan kittens must be kept in a warm , draught-free enviroment. They have no ability either to lose or gain heat, so you must control their body temperature for them. Normally, the precise temperature control is acheived by snuggling against the mother and amongst the other kittens. For the first week in their lives the temperature should be kept at about 30-33oc .You can then gradullay lower the temp. every few days so that by the time the kittens are a month old their temperature is down 7oc.
Heating can be provided by an overhead light or heating coil, but it is better to use a heating pad. Allow about half the area for cooling off if they become overheated . The bedding material will become soiled and wet and should be changed frequntely . Something that is washable or disposable is indicated. We prefer towelling but you could use newspaper, old sheets, even a lamb skin if you like.
Give the kittens a source of warmth that will substitue for the mother and that can snuggle against- for example a well wrapped hot water bottle. This has to be replaced every three hours during the night.
BTW. In here there are also chapters, FEEDING the orphan kitten and Weaning the orphan kittens if you would like me to type them out