Sometimes it doesn't matter about the country but about the cat. Our RIP Brownie was a stray and adopted us. He walked on to our deck, meowed and I fed him. The rest is history.
I got him fixed but he always wanted to be out more than in and I let Brownie be himself. For 11 wonderful years.
As for the males getting into hissy fits
in my experience and neighborhood, they will regardless of that operation. Brownie had a feud going on with a male orange tabby. He would always have a standoff with the tabby in front of my bedroom window when I was in the bedroom. Coincidence? Don't think so. I broke up the standoff every time. I know the tabby was fixed, too, because he had a collar and in my neighborhood, if the cat has a collar, the cat has been fixed.
Unfortunately, these 2 outdoor cats (and 1 other) disappeared last spring. I believe that it would have been the time that momma coyotes would be raising pups and healthy, well-fed tomcats would be, well I can't say the rest.
We adopted Butzie, a 2-year old girl from the shelter, in June. We knew she was "on the street" because she was in the shelter. We got a cat screen door and have let her make her own decisions about going out. Lately, she just stares at what may be out the door and just stays in.
Sorry, this is way too long a post.